Medicine mistakes are significant issues that happen in clinic environments. Several portions make the pediatric community extra sensitive to medicine faults, and possible complexities are rising from medicine board. These involve the various dosage forms of the identical medication availability, inaccurate dosing, absence of regulated dosing regimen, and process development. Electric information like EMBASE, MEDLINE, Global Pharmaceutical Abstracts, ASSIA, PsycINFO, British Nursing Index, CINAHL, were sleeked among 1985 and December 2014. Study choice Inclusion and exclusion standard are used to specify the eligible publications though title investigation followed by abstract and then full text investigation. Medicine mistakes were most often reported in pediatric and neonatal patients. This was in consensus with literature information about the occurrences in other specialties. Fatal or life-threatening harm because of medicine mistakes was not often reported. However, most studies reported that the possible for the cases impairment as an outcome of a mistake is a significant problem. Investigation of types and level of medicine faults might results in steps towards the prevention of these faults and the improvement in the neonatal care quality and safety.